Kutafin University Law Review


In issue 1 on 2016 year

SOME THOUGHTS ON THE ORIGINS OF RUSSIAN CONSTITUTIONALISM AND THE POSITION OF RUSSIA IN THE GLOBAL CONSTITUTIONAL PROCESS

DOI: 10.17803/2313-5395.2016.1.5.054-075

Author: Galina Andreeva (Russia)

Rubric: POLITICAL PROBLEMS AND LEGAL SOLUTIONS

Annotation: The article analyzes the position of Russia in constitutional processes abroad at the end of the 18th – the beginning of the 19th century. The role of Russia is shown as important both in the preparation and adoption of the Constitutions of the Ionian Islands of 1799 and 1803, and in drafting of the constitutions, which were not adopted. The author has conducted a detailed study of both scientifi c literature and archival materials in Russia and Corfu (Greece) and discovered a signifi cant gap in the Russian constitutional history, which, when fi lled in, would allow to raise a question of a new interpretation, as well as re-evaluation of particular problems of the Russian statehood and its moving towards constitutional order. If Russia’s experience in creating constitutions for the states under its patronage were included in the constitutional history of Russia, then it becomes clear that Russia received its fi rst practical experience in the fi eld of constitutional development in the Ionian Islands, participating in the preparation and adoption of comprehensive constitutional acts – the Ionian Constitutions of 1799, 1806. The constitutional and legal interpretation of Russia’s foreign constitutional experience and that of granting constitutions ‘on the outskirts’ of the Russian Empire reveals new facets of the emergence of modern constitutionalism, while research of events and facts associated with its creation makes the picture of the mankind’s constitutional history more comprehensive.


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Keywords: Global constitutional processes, Russia, Constitution of the Ionian Islands, gradual transition to the constitutional system, role of Russia in foreign constitutionalism, evolution of the Russian Constitutional Law

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